Dental conditions like condensing osteitis are not very prevalent. But if left untreated, it might result in difficulties.
The good news is that 1routine X-rays performed by your dentist may identify this issue. Another option is to have treatment from an endodontist, a specialist in this field.
Find out more about condensing osteitis, including what it is, any symptoms to watch for, and available treatments.
What is condensing osteitis?
Condensing osteitis is characterised by aberrant bone development and lesions that may be brought on by infections or inflammation of the teeth.
This dental ailment, also known as localised sclerosing osteitis, is characterised by tougher, denser bones and mostly affects the molars in your jaw.
Condensing osteitis is a dental ailment that often goes undiagnosed since there aren't any obvious signs. It's also not seen as a widespread illness. dependable source
To assist stop future harm to your teeth, it's crucial to seek the appropriate therapies if your dentist has established that you do have this problem.
Condensing osteitis (also known as focal sclerosing osteomyelitis or focal sclerosing osteitis) manifests as a small area of sclerosis of the bone that develops in response to a low-grade inflammatory stimulus.
Usually, a tooth with pulpitis or pulpal necrosis (induced by a significant carious lesion or a deep restoration) is the source of the inflammation. With a preference for young patients and the premolar/molar region of the mandible, the condition affects people of all ages.
Clinically, there is no sign of expansion. An area of opacification around the inflamed tooth's apex is visible on radiographs. This characteristic helps to distinguish between focal cemento-osseous dysplasia and the absence of a radiolucent rim. Additionally, the periodontal ligament may also widen concurrently.
The underlying odontogenic infection must be treated, typically by extraction or endodontic therapy. After receiving the proper care, the lesion typically gradually disappears completely or partially.
Your common sense would tell you that swelling caused by a dead or infected tooth nerve would reduce the size of the tooth. Condensing osteitis, on the other hand, promotes bone growth in your jawbone.
Instead of destroying it, it strengthens the bone while reducing the amount of room for bone marrow, which typically affects your lower back molars.
The age range for condensing osteitis is quite wide, ranging from 30-70 years of age, per a study from Brazilian Oral Research. Fortunately, it rarely causes pain or other symptoms in those who are affected.
What are the symptoms of condensing osteitis?
Condensing osteitis, in contrast to many other dental conditions, is 2typically asymptomatic. Typically, X-rays taken during a routine dental visit are used to diagnose this condition.
Condensing osteitis symptoms, such as mild pain, can occasionally be brought on by the initial underlying causesTrusted Source. But without a dentist, abnormal bone growth is frequently invisible.
What causes condensing osteitis?
Symptoms of condensing osteitis include abnormal bone hardening. In the mouth, bone hardening is more often a localised problem than a general one.
Condensing osteitis is thought to be primarily caused by inflammation and infections, and it may be connected to other dental conditions.
One potential condition connected to this dental ailment, which kills tissue inside your teeth, is pulpitis.
Along with frequent infections, another possibility is a chronic, but mild, inflammation of the root canal.
A total of 4 to 7 per cent of people are thought to be affected by condensing osteitis. Adults from young to old are most affected. You might not be aware that you have this condition, though, until your dentist discovers it, given the lack of symptoms.
Condensing osteitis is thought to be one of the most common types of jaw lesions even though it is not a common condition in and of itself.
How is condensing osteitis diagnosed?
Condensing osteitis is distinct from other dental diseases in that it promotes bone resorption as opposed to bone destruction.
When a dentist discovers condensing osteitis on routine X-rays, the condition is typically diagnosed. Your dentist may notice that the bone beneath your teeth in your jaw is becoming denser if this inflammatory dental disease is discovered to be present in you.
In order to rule out other potential dental conditions, your dentist may also take a biopsy of any bone lesions if the diagnosis is unclear. This covers growths or tumours inside the jawbone.
You might receive a recommendation from your dentist for an endodontist. This kind of dentist focuses on problems that affect the inside of your teeth. They also assist in performing root canals and diagnosing tooth pain.
How is condensing osteitis treated?
The underlying cause of condensing osteitis affects the course of treatment. The following choices may be suggested by a dentist or endodontist:
- a root canal to help treat inflammation and any infections around the affected tooth
- antibiotics for any existing infections
- extraction for the affected tooth if permanent damage to the pulp is suspected
- a possible wait-and-see approach to see if your condition progresses, especially if no other symptoms are noted
What’s the difference between condensing osteitis and hypercementosis?
Similar to condensing osteitis, hypercementosis begins to harm teeth underneath the enamel. Both often damage the jaw's premolars and molars, according to Trusted Source.
Both disorders have different radiographic appearances but are often not seen until discovered on dental X-rays. Condensing osteitis is a response in the bone around the tooth and is not directly connected to the root, while hypercementosis makes the tooth's root seem bigger.
The overproduction of cementum, a substance that covers the roots of your teeth, is at the foundation of hypercementosis. This may result in teeth that are significantly thicker, some of which could stick together.
Pain from chronic pulpitis may also be brought on by condensing osteitis.
The following are some of the most typical causes of hypercementosis:
- tooth trauma
- impacted teeth
- inflammation (similar to condensing osteitis)
- Paget’s disease
- thyroid disease
- rheumatic fever
Condensing osteitis is a rare illness that can cause minor discomfort or no symptoms at all. Most often, low-grade, persistent inflammation within your tooth is to blame, which may subsequently result in abnormal bone formation. The most afflicted teeth are molars and premolars.
On a regular X-ray, a dentist will probably detect condensing osteitis and may advise root canal therapy or send you to an endodontist. Depending on what they discover, a wait-and-see strategy could also be advised.
Future bone and tooth troubles may be avoided with early identification and treatment of dental disorders such as condensing osteitis. After therapy for this condition, any bone lesions can gradually return to normal.
Additional resources and citations
- 1routine X-rays
- 2typically asymptomatic