You are what you consume. That is why it is vital to eat healthily. Fortunately, science can help with this.

Are you aware that the food you consume every day can be divided into groups according to their nutritional properties and values? Yes, there are seven major classes of food based on their nutrient properties. Keep reading to know what they are.


Carbohydrates are energy-giving nutrients found in rice, glucose, maize, and other starches. Some sources of carbohydrates are unhealthy while some others are healthy.

The healthy sources include vegetables, fruits, beans unprocessed or slightly processed grains. On the other hand, unhealthy sources of carbohydrates include pastries, white bread, sodas, and extremely processed and polished foods.


Proteins are bodybuilding nutrients found in meat and dairy products. Protein encompasses of extraordinary quantity or amount of energy and vitality. This energy can be gotten from the meat we eat.

As a result of this energy derived from meat, it is appropriate that youngsters, pregnant and lactating women, and those recuperating from injury consume meals that hold a high amount of protein.

Interestingly, 16% of the body’s weight is derived from protein, therefore a good portion of protein should be present in every meal. It will help the body to work appropriately.


Fats are found in nuts and fruits like avocados. Fat and oil are classically defined and gathered together, they are usually grouped. Fats can be considered as solid or semi-solid triglycerides - fatty substances, while oil is clear liquids.

Fats and oil are knowingly obtained from plants and beings and they are one of the three important classes of food other than proteins and sugar.


These are necessary for digestion and are found in fruits and vegetables. This class of food is uncommon but very important.

Mostly, it aids in food digestion, upholding body shape and weight. It also prevents deadly illnesses and diseases.


Classes Of Food And Their Function Not your usual soft drinks, minerals are essential for improving bodily purposes and are found in most foods, fruits, and vegetables. The most well-known minerals are calcium, iron, and zinc.

Iron supports your red blood cells and hormone creation, while zinc increases the strength of the immune system and helps in wound healing.


Classes Of Food And Their FunctionVitamins boost resistance and are found in fruits and vegetables. There are 13 vital vitamins that the body ought to work appropriately. They are vitamins A, C, B6, and D amongst others. A person may naturally obtain all of the vitamins they require through a diet rich in vegetables, fruits, and lean proteins.

Those who consume fewer fruits and vegetables and those who have digestive difficulties, on the other hand, may need to take a vitamin supplement to avoid or reduce a shortage. You can also check out our article on vitamins needed for healthy teeth here


This is used in the creation of bodily liquids and is found in fruits and other liquids. You can survive for basically a long period without food, but you can't last more than a couple of days without water.

It is the primary component that the human body is made up of. About 62% of the human body weight is water.



  • One of the main functions of carbohydrates is to provide your body with energy. 
  • Carbohydrates Support muscle preservation
  • They Promote Digestive Health
  • They also Influence Heart Health  


  • Protein is a major source of energy. If you consume more protein than a necessity for body tissue preservation and other essential functions, your body will use it for energy. 
  • Protein is a major element in the transportation of certain molecules. For example, hemoglobin is a protein that transports oxygen throughout the body.  
  • Protein forms antibodies that help prevent infection, illness, and disease. 
  • They are required for body growth, care, and health to aid the body to develop hormones,  antibodies, and other important components that also require protein.


  • They support the creation of cells and help in muscle growth. Being a major source of energy, fats, and oil is essential for human nutrition.
  • Fat and oil serve as powerful anti-inflammatories, they lower the risk of arthritis, Alzheimer's disease, and cancer.


  • Vitamins are vital for the prevention of infections. Vitamins are fundamental for solid vision, skin, and bones.
  • Vitamins reduce the chance of lung and prostate cancer, and they’re effective cancer prevention agents.
  • Vitamins like vitamin C boost the safe basis and offer help to the body's recuperation process.


  • Minerals support the body. 
  • They are important for somebody's functions including building rock-solid bones and teeth.
  • Minerals control your digestion and help in remaining properly hydrated.
  • They help in strengthening bones and assist with nerve signal transmission.


  • Water expands the capacity of your cerebrum and advances your disposition. In the body, it serves as a protector and an ointment.
  • It also aids in the flushing out of poisons.
  • Water helps with the delivery of vitamins to cells, the hydration of the body, and the prevention of clogging. 
  • It also aids absorption, body temperature regulation, reproduction, food transit, oxygen transport, and other chemical concerns in the body.
  • Water helps in circulating nutrients, oxygen, blood, and other fluid. When taken, it improves brain function, flushes toxins, and boosts body energy.


So when next you are taking something into your body, watch out for these classes of food and remember their vital functions.

Don’t forget to share your thoughts in the comments section below!



Sanni Muritador is a content writer with years of experience. He started his writing career working for opera news. His hobbies include writing, reading, and playing tennis.I read anything and everything available so I know so many useful and useless things.Want to connect with Sanni Muritador? Reach out to him on Facebook @Muritador Sanni.

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