What is the instrumentation?
Types of instruments?
b. The single-ended instrument, for example, Coupland elevator.
c. Corn socket instrument I.e they are separated from the shank instrument and working end and permit instrument exchange or replacement for example mouth mirror, handpieces and bur.
Physical identification of dental instruments include:
- Basic instruments
- Basic Materials used in dentistry
- Local anesthesia
- Instruments and materials used in rubber dam placement
- Instruments and materials used in moisture control
- Handpieces, Burs the rotary attachment
- Matrix band and matrix retainers
- Extraction forceps
- Impression trays
- Orthodontics instruments.
Basic Materials needed in Dentistry
3. Cotton wool: For cleaning up the saliva, blood and to stop bleeding.
Uses of Topical Anaesthetics
- Prevention of pain from needles during injections.
- Relief of painful sockets, ulcers, and wounds
- Prevention of gingival discomfort while taking copper ring impression.
Instruments and materials used in rubber dam placement
- Rubber dam: Prevents entry of moisture to a cavity, especially prior to insertion of silicate fillings, and during root canal therapy.
- Rubber dam clamps: Hold dam on teeth.
- Rubber dam forceps: Aid placement of clamps on teeth.
- Rubber dam frame: Holds dam in position around the mouth.
Materials: lubricant, Cotton wool.
Instruments and materials used in moisture control
Handpieces, Burs the rotary attachments
- Unmounted Green Abrasive Stones
- Unmounted Green Abrasive Disks
- Mounted Green Abrasive Stones, Disks, And Points
- Bristle Brushes; cup, wheel, Tooth polishing.
Matrix band and matrix retainers
- Fishtail elevator
- Cryer elevator
- Winter elevator
- Coupland elevator
- Warwick James elevator
- Periosteal elevator
- Hospital elevator
Basic Dental instruments Names and Pictures pdf
- Lower molar forceps: This has two beaks, facing each other and faced downward. Uses: This is used to extract right or left lower molar teeth.
- The extraction of upper molar forceps: There are two types of upper molar forceps; Right upper, left upper.
- Upper right molar forceps: The beak part faces my right hand and the mouth of the instrument faces upward. Uses: it is used for extraction of right upper molar teeth.
- Upper left molar forceps: The beak part faces my left hand and the mouth also faces upwardly. Uses: used for extraction of left upper molar teeth.
- Lower anterior forceps: This has a somehow flat head making both mouths facing downward. Uses: For the extraction of lower anterior teeth.
- Lower premolar forceps: This has a puff ( semi circled ) head, with the mouth facing down. Uses: used for extraction of lower premolar teeth.
- Upper bayonets (awkwardly placed wisdom teeth)
- Lower incisors, premolars, roots.
- Upper read’s (canines, premolars, roots)
Types of an impression tray
- Upper impression tray
- Lower impression tray
- Edentulous patient
- Artery forceps: To sit elastic modules.
- Elastic module: To hold down the ash wire into the bracket
- Elastic separator: To separate a contact point.
- Safe distal end wire cutter: Use for cutting wire.
- Band pusher: To sit the band.
- Adams plier: To band wire inside the mouth.
- Bracket holder: To grip bracket inside the mouth.
- Ruler Guage: For measuring
- Sep a ring: Separator or module separator
- Cheek retractor: To retract or expand.
Every effort as been made to ensure dental professionals are provided a theoretical background upon which the dental team can base their practical work on. However, no website can take the place of practical experience, and no attempt as been made to give detailed advice on those aspects of work which can best be learned by practical demonstration.
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