Dental Elevators and their uses

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Dental Elevators are used to loosen and ‘elevate’ the teeth in their sockets prior to extraction. Care should be taken to avoid causing  damage/trauma to nearby teeth while using elevators.

PARTS OF AN DENTAL ELEVATOR

Dental elevators working end

Working end

  • The working end is functional, elevating and retracting end of the elevator
  • Single-ended
  • The working end is adapted to the function of the instrument

Shank

  • The area between the working end and the handle
  • The shank may be straight or angled for easy access to some areas in the mouth
  • The shank may also have a finger rest to enable the operator to get a better grip and apply more force

Handle

  • The part of the instrument that the operator
  • Designed for stability and leverage
  • The handle can be of many different varieties (i.e. serrated, smooth, hollow, solid, octagonal, round, large, small)
  • The function dictates the type of handle

3 TYPES OF DENTAL ELEVATOR

  1. Warwick James elevator – straight, Warwick James elevators – left and right
  2. Couplands chisel
  3. Cryers elevators – left and right.

Warwick James elevator – straight (b) Warwick James elevators – left and right

1. Warwick James elevator – straight and Warwick James elevators – left and right

Uses and features

  • Used to elevate and loosen the tooth from the periodontal ligament
  • The elevation is done to create space and prevent trauma to adjacent teeth and tissues
  • Available as left and right elevators, designed to adapt to the mesial and distal aspects of the tooth, respectively. Always used as a pair

False friends

Couplands chisel, Mershon band pusher

 

2. Couplands chisel

Couplands chisel

Uses and types

  • Used to elevate and loosen the tooth from the periodontal ligament
  • The elevation is done to create space and prevent trauma to adjacent teeth and tissues
  • Available in sizes 1, 2 and 3 – working end gets larger with an increase in size number

False friends

Warwick James straight elevator, Warwick James left and right elevators,  Mershon band pusher.

3. Cryers elevators – left and right (Enlarged working end)

Cryers elevators – left and right

 

Uses

  • Used to remove interseptal bone
  • Used to loosen root tips

Dental Elevators are always used in conjunction with other dental instruments

Please see dental tray set-ups here.

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