There is a wide range in how neuroblastoma behaves and grow. Some grow and spread quickly, while others grow slowly. Sometimes, in very young children, cancer dies for no reason and the tumors go away on is own.
What is neuroblastoma?
Neuroblastomas are cancers that start in early nerve cells (neuroblasts) of the sympathetic nervous system, so they can be found anywhere along this system.
Neuroblastoma is a type of cancer that starts at a tender age and often occur to children under 5 to 10 years of age. This cancer can be detected earlier in a nerve cell found in embryo or fetus. This type of cancer occurs mostly to infant and small children.
Although, a little more than 1 out of 3 neuroblastomas start in the adrenal glands. About 1 out of 4 begin is sympathetic nerve ganglia inside the abdomen, while the rest start near the spine, in the chest or neck, or even in the pelvis.
In, other cases, the cells sometimes mature on their own into normal ganglion cells and stop dividing. This makes the tumor a ganglioneuroma.
The sympathetic nervous system is where these tumours start.
The sympathetic nervous system is part of the autonomic nervous system.
- Clusters of a nerve called ganglia at certain points along the path of the nerve fibres.
- nerve-like cells found in the medulla centre of the adrenal glands.
- nerves fibres that run along either side of the spinal cord.
The main cells that make up the nervous system are called nerve cells or neurons. These cells also interact with other types of cells in the body by releasing tiny amounts of chemicals. This is important because neuroblastoma cells often release certain hormones that can cause symptoms.
Signs and Symptoms of neuroblastoma
- Bone lesions in the legs and lips may cause pain and limp.
2. A tumour in the bones around the eyes or orbits may cause distinct bruising and swelling.
Causes of Neuroblastomas
What are the treatment and diagnosis of neuroblastoma?
- A pediatric cancer surgeon
- A doctor who uses chemotherapy and other medicines to treat childhood cancers. often called "Pediatric oncologist"
- A doctor who uses radiation therapy to treat cancer in children. Often called "Pediatric radiation oncologist"
Many other specialists are also involved in a child's care as well, which include physician assistants, nurse practitioners, nurses, psychologists, social workers, rehabilitation specialists, and other health professionals.
- Surgery, chemotherapy.
- Radiation therapy.
- Retinoid therapy.
- High dose chemotherapy
Treatment of neuroblastoma depends on the risk group of cancer, the child's age, and other factors, and might include more than one type of treatment.
Diagnosis of neuroblastoma
How Can You Prevent Neuroblastomas?
The risk of many adult cancer can be reduced with certain lifestyle changes, but at this time there are no known ways of preventing cancers in children.
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