dental instruments and their uses

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dental instruments and their uses A dentist uses a variety of dental instruments for examining, cleaning, cutting and restoring teeth. Here is a basic guide

During my first visit to a dental clinic, I tend to notice that there are many different dental kits or dental instruments that are laid down beside the dental chair. A dentist and dental nurse use a variety of dental instrument/equipment for examining, cleaning, cutting and restoring teeth

Not everyone is familiar with these instruments therefore here is a quick guide on the basic dental instruments pictures and names available in a dental office/clinic and their uses.

dental instrument name with pictures


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Dental instruments can be either hand-held or rotary (for example driven in a handpiece) and some can be of fiber optic light sources and ultrasonic equipment.


Dental hand instruments

The types of hand instruments can be categorized based on their function:
  • Examining the mouth and teeth
  • Scaling or professional cleaning of teeth
  • Cutting teeth and removing cavities
  • Placing and condensing filling materials
  • Carving and finishing dental fillings
  • Miscellaneous types.

Every effort has been made to ensure the dental team is provided a theoretical background upon which the dental team can base their practical work on. However, no website can take the place of practical experience, and no attempt has been made to give detailed advice on those aspects of work which can best be learned by practical demonstration.

DENTAL INSTRUMENTS KITS


Below are 100 Best Dental instruments and their uses:


Instruments use for examine the mouth and teeth



  1. Dental mirror: It's used for visualization of the oral cavity or for viewing the patient mouth.
  2. Dental probe: It's used to detect the depth of caries or the depth of caries.
  3. College tweezer: It's used for picking cotton wool or gauze into the patient mouth.
  4. Dental tray: It's used for picking dental materials or instruments.
  5. Coupland elevator: It's used for the expansion of the socket or dilating the socket.
  6. Scalpel holder: For holding scalpel blade during a surgical procedure.
  7. Periosteal elevator: For raising flap from the floor of the mucosa membrane.
  8. Bone file: It's used for file-in bone.
  9. Push scaler: It's used for removing debris or calculus from the patient mouth/teeth.
  10. Spoon excavator: It's used for removing debris or plaque from the patient mouth/teeth.
  11. Mixing spatula: It's used for mixing dental materials(E.G .alginate).
  12. Amalgam carrier: It's used for taking/putting amalgam into the prepared cavity.
  13. Plaster knife: It's used for plasterwork.
  14. Wax knife: It's used for waxwork.
  15. Model: It's used for demonstration, positive liveness of the patient's mouth.
  16. Dental syringe: It's used for introducing local anesthesia into the patient mouth.
  17. Fishtail elevator: It's used for expansion of the socket.
  18. Cryer elevator: It's used for expansion of the socket.
  19. Winter elevator: It's used for expansion of the socket.
  20. Hospital.pattern elevator: It's used for expansion of the socket.
  21. War wick's James elevator: It's used for expansion of the socket.
  22. Suturing materials: It's used for suturing the injury path.
  23. Suturing tips: It's used for extracting excess blood or saliva from the mouth.
  24. Dental needle: It's used to introduce local anesthesia into the patient mouth(it has to types long and short).
  25. Disposable needle and syringe: It's used for flushing the prepared cavity/Also for irrigation process.
  26. Lower impression tray: It's used for taking a lower impression of the teeth/ mouth.
  27. Upper impression tray: It's used for taking an upper impression of the teeth/month.
  28. Periodontal probe: It's used for measuring the depth of periodontal socket or depth of caries.
  29. Wooden spatula: It's can also be used for cheek retractor / it also serves as examination set or it's used for mixing dental materials.
  30. Upper right molar forceps: It's used for the extraction of the upper right molar tooth.
  31. Upper left molar forceps: It's used for the extraction of the upper left molar tooth.
  32. Universal molar forceps(upper): It's used for the extraction of both upper left and upper right molar tooth.
  33. Universal molar forceps(lower): It's used for the extraction of both lower right and lower left molar tooth.
  34. Straight forceps or upper anterior forceps: It's used for extraction of the upper anterior tooth.
  35. Lower anterior forceps: It's used for extraction of the lower anterior tooth.
  36. Lower molar forceps: It's used for the extraction of the lower molar tooth.
  37. Lower premolar forceps: It's used for the extraction of lower premolar tooth.
  38. Upper premolar forceps: It's used for the extraction of upper premolar tooth.
  39. Sickle scaler: It's used for removing calculus from the tips of the cervical region.
  40. Ball burnisher: It's used for smoothing the canal or during filling of tooth.
  41. File: It's used for enlarging the canal.
  42. Egg burnisher: It's used for smoothing during filling.
  43. Reamers: It's used for enlarging the canal.
  44. Bar brosh : It's used for removing dead pulp(necrotic pulp)
  45. Dental chair: It's used for sitting the patient during any dental procedure/surgery.
  46. Shade guide: It's used in choosing shade I.e color of the teeth.
  47. Amalgam edge: It's used for preventing overhanging amalgam.
  48. Scalpel: It's used for cutting during surgical procedures.
  49. Stock teeth: It's used for replacing mixing teeth.
  50. Cheatle forcep: It's used for picking instruments.
  51. Condenser: It's used for condensing restorative materials into the cavity.
  52. Bayonet: It's used for extracting upper retained root.
  53. Root forceps: It's used for extracting retained root(lower teeth).
  54. Mallet: It's used for extracting retained root.
  55. Cheasel: It's used for extracting retained root.
  56. Mortal and pestle: It's used for mixing amalgam.
  57. Amalgamator(electronics one): It's used for mixing amalgam.
  58. Saliva ejector: It's used for removing excessive saliva from the floor of the mouth.
  59. Mouth prop: It's used for opening mouth during surgical operations.
  60. Probe briault: It's used to detect interproximal decay.
  61. Probe moon: It's used to detect loose bones and root in the socket.
  62. Probe measures: It's used to detect the depth of pocket around the periodontal.
  63. Mouth gag: It's used to open mouth during dental procedures.
  64. Tissue forceps: It's used for holding tissue by the dental nurse during a surgical procedure.
  65. Bristle brush: It's used for brushing during scaling and polishing.
  66. Mixing slab: It's used for mixing dental materials.
  67. Film hanger: It's used for hanging x-ray film.
  68. Mixing bowl: It's used for mixing dental materials(e.g Alginate, dental stone).
  69. Dental flask: It's used for the flasking denture.
  70. Lead coat: It's used for protection during x-ray procedure.
  71. Lecrol carver: It's used for carving or removing a pimple from the surface of the model.
  72. Carver: It's used for removing excess dental materials from the patient mouth.
  73. Wire cutter: It's used for cutting dental ash wire.
  74. Dental scissors: It's used for cutting stainless steel wire during a dental procedure.
  75. Matrix band: It serves as mixing wall and it allows amalgam to be packed into the cavity.
  76. Matrix retainer: It helps in retaining matrix band.
  77. janquet: It's used for removing sub-gingival calculus.
  78. Handpiece and bur: It's used to gain access into the cavity.
  79. Measurement paper point: It's used for drying the canal.
  80. Short dental needle: It's used for infiltrating.
  81. Long dental needle: It's used for blocking.
  82. Stainless steel wire: It's used for inter-maxillary fixation.
  83. Gutta-percha: It's used for obturating( when replacing the pulp).
  84. X-ray view: It's used to view x-ray during a dental procedure.
  85. Ultrasonic scaler: It's used for scaling and polishing.
  86. Glass slab: It's used for mixing lining materials.
  87. Electronics ultrasonic machine: It's used for scaling and polishing.
  88. Autoclave: It's used to sterilize dental instrument after use.
  89. Surgical blade: For cutting during a surgical procedure.
  90. Phomopressor: It's used in lining the canal during pulpotomy.
  91. Elastic module: It's used to hold down the ash wire into the bracket.
  92. Artery forceps: It's used to sit elastic module.
  93. Bite registration wax: To check the accuracy of the teeth(the bite and the occlusion).
  94. Ruler gauge: It's used for measuring.
  95. Adam's plier: It's used to band wire together inside the patient mouth.
  96. Elastic separator: It's used to separate a contact point(it comes in various colors).
  97. Paper point: this is for drying the canal/for obturating the pulp to replace.
  98. Ligation turber: to thick in the wire.
  99. Ash contouring wire: To give you the shape of the ash bar.
  100. Bird beak wire: To form coil and band a wire.
Base on analysis and research, some of this instruments above are their manufacturers name and they are available online. No any modifications whatsoever . I just stated there uses.

Read also: Best way to utilize Orthodontics Appliances


Instruments used for placing and condensing filling materials



Instruments used for placing and condensing filling materials


  • Plastic instruments are used to convey and shape filling materials and are usually flat blades that do not use heavy pressure. Some instruments have rounded ends for shaping and burnishing the surfaces of fillings. Plastic instruments are usually made of stainless steel for most materials though there are also thin Teflon-coated or titanium nitride instruments which are non-stick for composite fillings.
  • Condensers or pluggers instruments are used for compressing and forming filling materials. You must apply heavy pressure in order to use these instruments properly. So, therefore, these instruments are usually used for metal or amalgam fillings.

Instruments used for carving and finishing fillings

Carving and finishing instruments have sharp or semi-sharp blades of various shapes. They are used to carve materials by cutting and scraping.

General features of hand instrument design

Most of the hand-held instruments are made of stainless steel or sometimes carbon steel. Chisels and scalers often have tungsten carbide tips. The basic design of a hand instrument has a blade, a shank, and a handle.


Basic Dental instruments Names and Pictures pdf

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Health soothe: dental instruments and their uses
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