The periodontal abscess can be easily prevented by doing basic things:
- Good oral hygiene.
- Balanced diet.
- The proper method of brushing and good fluoridated toothpaste.
- The normal routine check-up at least twice a year to the dentist.
- If there is a change in your mouth consult your physician or dentist as soon as possible.
TREATMENT NEEDED FOR PERIODONTAL ABSCESS
- Patients with diabetes mellitus frequently are susceptible to abscess and these patients should consult their physician.
- Potential causes of periodontal abscess such as bacterial plaque, calculus, food debris or foreign objects should be eliminated.
- A periodontal abscess develops when the orifices of the pocket become partially or completely blocked by calculus, food debris, etc.
- A radiograph may be necessary for proper diagnosis.
- Drainage should be established. This is achieved by either incising the abscess or curetting the pocket. Extracting the tooth when necessary will also provide drainage of the pus.
- Antibiotic drugs and analgesics may be prescribed.
- Elimination of the pocket to remove the cause of the abscess is very important.
- Rinse with warm salt water every two hours, as prescribed.
- Infected material is removed.
- The bone and tooth surface are scrapped to removed necrotic that remains.
The raw mucosa must be replaced almost in contact with the root surface, that has been only separated by a blood clot.