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Periodontal abscess ( also called gum boil) is a disease that occurs in the mouth characterized by an accumulation of pus within the tissues of the gum. It is a type of dental abscess.

The periodontal abscess can be easily prevented by doing basic things:

  1. Good oral hygiene.
  2. Balanced diet.
  3. The proper method of brushing and good fluoridated toothpaste.
  4. The normal routine check-up at least twice a year to the dentist.
  5. If there is a change in your mouth consult your physician or dentist as soon as possible.
      The dietary and nutritional intake of refined carbohydrate. If need be to take refined carbohydrate, such food should be taken at mealtimes, not a night or midnight, and never take in a sticky form. Thus, rinse your mouth with water.
Sweet and sticky medicines should be diluted before use. It has been suggested by a nutritionist, that fried foods coat the teeth and protect you from contact with refined carbohydrate. Thus, protecting your mouth from vulnerable diseases because the normal organisms present in the mouth, tends to act fast on refined carbohydrate and sugar, which causes decay and some other diseases that may be dangerous in the mouth, and your general well being.
However, the main prevention of these diseases lies in improving in taking a balanced diet. Thus adequate intake of calcium, phosphorus, fluoride, and vitamin A, C, and D are essential for our body immune system to fight against diseases as soon as it gets contact with the body.


  • Patients with diabetes mellitus frequently are susceptible to abscess and these patients should consult their physician.
  • Potential causes of periodontal abscess such as bacterial plaque, calculus, food debris or foreign objects should be eliminated.
  • A periodontal abscess develops when the orifices of the pocket become partially or completely blocked by calculus, food debris, etc.
  • A radiograph may be necessary for proper diagnosis.
  • Drainage should be established. This is achieved by either incising the abscess or curetting the pocket. Extracting the tooth when necessary will also provide drainage of the pus.
  • Antibiotic drugs and analgesics may be prescribed.
  • Elimination of the pocket to remove the cause of the abscess is very important.
  • Rinse with warm salt water every two hours, as prescribed.
  • Infected material is removed.
  • The bone and tooth surface are scrapped to removed necrotic that remains.
  • The raw mucosa must be replaced almost in contact with the root surface, that has been only separated by a blood clot.
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