None of us like to think about the need to administer first aid in the home. However, being equipped to deal with emergencies is essential. Here are three everyday things you might face and suggestions on how to deal with them.
- Allergic reaction
The most common allergic reactions are to the ingestion of allergens in food or insect bites. For a severe reaction, known as anaphylaxis, it is imperative to call for an ambulance immediately. This can cause difficulties in breathing because the tongue and throat may swell. If the affected person carries medication, such as an epi-pen, you can support them to administer this. For a mild reaction, an antihistamine tablet could be offered. This will help to reduce any itchiness or hives the person may have. Sometimes, the allergen is unknown. Allergy testing is imperative in this case as it can help reduce the risk of a reoccurrence. Encourage the individual to wear some form of medical jewelry to indicate their allergens.
2. Burns and scalds
A cup of tea on a side table being spilled or the accidental use of the hot top by a child, both are examples of how easily a burn or scald can happen. The first action is to cool the burn. Holding the affected area under running cold water for around twenty minutes, or until the pain stops, is vital. While doing this, try to remove any jewelry or clothing which is nearby. Of course, if the clothing is stuck to the burn, leave it. Do not attempt to remove it as this will do further damage. Afterward, cover with plastic wrap to protect it and prevent fibers from getting stuck in it. Another option, when burns are minor, is to use essential oils such as these from Kumi Oils. The use of these can help both mind and body.
In the case of mild choking, the person is usually able to clear the blockage themselves. Encourage them to cough or spit out the object if it is in their mouth. You must never try to dislodge or pull anything out of their throat as it could lead to the item being pushed further down. If this does not work, begin to administer sharp blows to the back. For a more serious case of choking (the person will be unable to talk, cough, cry or breathe), give five sharp blows between their shoulder blades using the heel of your hand. After this, check to see if the blockage has been dislodged. If it hasn’t, you should give up to five abdominal thrusts, but be careful as these can lead to internal damage when not done correctly or being administered unnecessarily.
Ultimately, we do advise that you attend a first aid course to gain an official qualification. A tutor in person will be able to demonstrate the right and wrong ways to go about doing things. Furthermore, it also gives you the opportunity to ask any questions you may have.
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