WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT DRY MOUTH (XEROSTOMIA)

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Dryness of the mouth ,symptoms ,diagnosis and treatment


     Dry mouth is also called xerostomia. It is a condition when there is little or absence of saliva in the mouth. We all need saliva to moisten and cleanse our mouths and to wash away worn-out dead cells, food debris or particles, that are present on the gum, tongue, teeth, and cheeks.

According to my research, saliva also prevents infection by controlling bacteria and fungi in the mouth. Last, but not least, the saliva helps digest food and makes it possible for you to taste, chew and swallow your food. Dry mouth is not only uncomfortable but also unhealthy. 

CAUSES OF DRY MOUTH 

  There are several causes of dry mouth (xerostomia). It is medical a common side effect of certain treatments prescription drugs, including drugs used to prescription and nonanxiety, depression, pain, allergies, and colds,(certain bronchodilators), diarrhea, nausea, obesity: acne, epilepsy, hypertension (diuretics), psychotic disorders, urinary incontinence, and Parkinson’s disease.
    
   Dry mouth is also a side effect of muscle relaxants and sedatives, side effect of diseases and infections such as HIV/AIDS. diabetes, anemia, mumps, rheumatoid arthritis, hypertension, and stroke.
   
Damage to the salivary glands that Produce saliva, for example, nerve damage to the head and neck area from an injury or surgery can reduce the amount of saliva produced in the mouth.

Other conditions that lead to dehydration such as fever. Excessive sweating, vomiting, diarrhea, blood loss and burns can cause dryness of the mouth.  In addition, people. 

Lifestyle such as smoking or chewing tobacco can affect saliva production and aggravate dry mouth. Continuously breathing with the mouth open can also contribute to the problem.  

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF DRY MOUTH 

  •  A sticky and dry feeling in the mouth.
  •  Frequent thirst.
  •  Sores in the mouth and or Cracked lips.
  • Sores or split skin at the corners of the mouth.
  • A dry feeling in the throat.
  • A constant sore in the throat.
  • A burning sensation in the mouth especially on the tongue.
  • Bad breath (mouth odor).
  • Dry nasal passages.
  • A dry red and raw tongue.
  • The problem with speaking.
  • The problem of tasting, chewing and swallowing.

     Treatment recommendations for dry mouth

  •  Good oral hygiene
  •  Taking balance diet
  • Avoid over the counter drugs
  • Visit your dentist twice a year for check up
  • Have plenty of rest
  • Take plenty of water and fresh juice.
  • Breathing through your nose regularly, not your mouth.
  • Using a room vaporizer to and moisture to the bedroom.
  •  Brushing with a fluoride toothpaste to protect your teeth.

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