Noma cancrum oris (documenting reality)
What is noma cancrum oris?
noma is a rapid, grossly mutilating gangrenous stomatitis of the oro-facial tissues, which occur in young children aged 2-6 years, mainly in the underdeveloped countries in Africa and East Asia and part of America, but particularly in West Africa, with Nigeria, Senegal and Burkina Faso having the highest incidence.
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What is the Cause of noma cancrum oris?
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Treatment of noma Cancrum Oris
Mortality due to noma cancrum oris can be reduced with prompt, appropriate treatment. Noma is one of the most devastating human diseases worldwide and has been designated a health priority by the WHO.
- Prevention is the treatment of choice.
- Once Noma is established, no other form of treatment is really satisfactory.
- The progression of the disease can be treated with the use of antibiotics such as penicillin, tetracycline, metronidazole and clindamycin and improved nutrition.
- And it may require oral and maxillofacial surgery to repair.
- There may be delayed in full recovery it usually takes several months.
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WHO has set up a five-point STRATEGY, against NOMA
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- Prevention – involving information and education to make parents especially mothers, and health workers aware of the early sign of NOMA and the need for urgent treatment.
- Epidemiology and surveillance.
- Promoting research.
- Primary care.
- Surgery and rehabilitation.
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- Devi SR, Gogoi M. Aesthetic restoration of facial defect caused by cancrum oris: A case report. Indian J Plast Surg. 2003;36:131–133.
- Adams-Ray WE, James JH. Cancrum oris: functional and cosmetic reconstruction in patients with ankylosis of the jaws. Br J Plast Surg. 1992;45(3):193–8. doi: 10.1016/0007-1226(92)90075-9 [PubMed][Cross Ref]
- Oluwasanmi JO, Lagundoye SB, Akinyemi OO. Ankylosis of the mandible from cancrum oris. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1976;57(3):342–50. doi: 10.1097/00006534-197603000-00011. [PubMed] [Cross Ref]