What are the best treatment for gum disease?

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Gum Treatments range from nonsurgical therapies, that control bacterial growth to surgery and restore supportive tissues. There are a variety of treatments for gum disease but it depends on the stage of the gum disease, and how you may have to manage and responded to earlier treatments, and your overall well-being.

Gum Disease Treatments: Prevention, Signs, Surgery, Antibiotics

Gum Disease Treatments: Prevention, Signs, Surgery, Antibiotics
Source: kannandental

There are a variety of treatments for gum disease but it depends on the stage of the gum disease, and how you may have to manage and responded to earlier treatments, and your overall well-being.

Treatments range from nonsurgical therapies, that control bacterial growth to surgery and restore supportive tissues and home remedies to get rid of the disease.

Everyone is likely to have it because even healthy mouths have bacteria which is referred to (normal flora of the mouth and throat) that can cause gum disease. The bacteria, along with the food debris, tartar that builds up in a sticky, colorless film called plaque that can cause inflammation and infection. Mild inflammation (gingivitis) can usually be corrected with good oral hygiene.
But when plaque is not removed, the bacteria can make gums recede or pull away from the teeth, forming infected pockets that can destroy bone and tissue a condition called periodontitis.

A research study by NDA concluded that the mouth is a mirror and gateway of health and disease to the body. Because of this, the mouth can act as early signs and symptoms of a systemic factor for poor health. This includes both harmless and harmful bacteria that cause oral infections, cavities, gum disease and bad breath.

 The Major Preventive treatment for gum disease that doesn’t require surgery.

1. Brushing and Practice Good Oral Hygiene

Brushing your teeth at least twice a day for at least 2 minutes as recommended helps prevents harmful bacteria from gaining entry. Brush in a circular motion, which works better, advises dentist Dental office, doctor, and head of the dental department at the Federal Medical Centre, Owo, Ondo State. Owo - Oba Rd, Owo, Nigeria.

Even with good oral hygiene, you can't get rid or avoid all, some little plaque will still remain, leaving it to harden into tartar (or calculus), a tough, bacteria-laden substance that further damages teeth and gums. "You can't brush or floss it off," says Dr. Brown. See a dentist at least every 6 months as recommended for a professional cleaning that removes tartar.

If you visit  your family dentist or dental hygienist  for a checkup he/she may recommend the total removal of the plaque and tartar (plaque that builds up over time and hardens on the tooth surface and can only be removed with professional cleaning) from above and below the gum line of all our teeth

2. Practice Good Flossing along Side

Some research has suggested that daily flossing provides little protection against gingivitis, but some dental professionals back up the practice because flossing reaches every area where brushing can not and get rid of plaque where brushing can't. "Floss should form a C around the tooth so it goes down alongside the gum rather than slicing across it, and you should get antibacterial floss for your need.

3. Scaling and root planing. 

This is a deep-cleaning, that doesn't require surgery, it is done under a local anesthetic agent, whereby plaque and tartar from above and below the gum line are removed completely (scaling) and rough spots on the tooth root are made smooth (planing).

Smoothing the rough spots removes bacteria and provides a clean surface for the gums to reattach itself to the teeth. Scaling and root planning is done if your dentist or periodontist as comes out with a final diagnosis that determines you have plaque and calculus (hardened plaque, also called tartar) under the gums that need to be removed.

In some patients, the major preventive treatment that doesn’t require surgery of scaling and root planning is all that you need to treat gum diseases. Surgery is needed when the tissue around the teeth is unhealthy and cannot be repaired with nonsurgical options.

Antimicrobial/antibacterial mouthwashes and antibacterial toothbrush. To kill the infection, the dentist may prescribe certain mouthwashes and gels to reduce the bacteria and the bacteria-filled pockets.

Signs of Gum Disease

Receding gums are one of the most signs of gum disease. When bacteria-containing plaque builds up on the gums and teeth, it causes inflammation that may cause severe gum damage to the supporting tissue.

The warning signs that you may experience with this disease include gums that bleed when eating, brushing, and flossing because they are swollen and tender.

This can lead to receding gum (the gums pulling away from the teeth), and by exposing the roots, and there is the stage where a development of small pockets harbor harmful bacteria. If you notice sores in your mouth or pus in between your gums and teeth, then chances are you may have gum disease.

What are the Surgical Treatments for Gum Disease

Some treatments for gum disease are surgical. Some examples are:

1. Flap surgery/pocket reduction surgery: During this procedure, the gums are lifted towards the back and the tartar is removed. In some cases, irregular surfaces of the damaged bone are smoothed to limit areas where disease causing bacteria can hide. This procedure decreases the chance of serious health problems associated with periodontal disease.

2. Bone Grafts: This procedure involves using fragments of your own bone, synthetic bone, or donated bone to replace bone destroyed by gum disease. New technology, called tissue engineering, encourages your own body to regenerate bone and tissue at an accelerated rate.

3. Soft tissue grafts: This procedure involves taking gum from the roof of the mouth, is stitched in place, adding tissue to the affected area.

4. Guided tissue regeneration: This procedure Performed when the bone supporting your teeth has been destroyed, this procedure stimulates bone and gum tissue growth. Done in combination with flap surgery. This keeps the gum tissue from growing into the area where it suppose not to, allowing the bone and connective tissue to regrow to better support the teeth.

5. Bone surgery: Following flap surgery, the bone around the tooth is reshaped to decrease the craters. This makes it harder for bacteria to form and grow. This is done due to moderate and advanced bone loss.

Antibiotic Drugs Used to Treat Gum Disease

According to WebMD, antibiotic treatments can be used either in combination with surgery and other therapies or alone, to reduce or temporarily eliminate the bacteria associated with gum disease or suppress the destruction of the tooth's attachment to the bone.

Chlorhexidine (marketed as the prescription-only brands Peridex, PerioChip, PerioGard, and by numerous other over-the-counter trade names) is an antimicrobial used to control plaque and gingivitis in the mouth or in periodontal pockets. The medication is available as a mouth rinse for root planning and it is use for 7days.

Other antibiotics, including doxycycline, tetracycline, and minocycline may also be used to treat gum disease, as determined by your dentist.

In addition, a nonprescription toothpaste that contains fluoride and an antibiotic to reduce plaque and gingivitis, called triclosan, is often recommended.

Reference

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Health soothe: What are the best treatment for gum disease?
What are the best treatment for gum disease?
Gum Treatments range from nonsurgical therapies, that control bacterial growth to surgery and restore supportive tissues. There are a variety of treatments for gum disease but it depends on the stage of the gum disease, and how you may have to manage and responded to earlier treatments, and your overall well-being.
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