DISEASES OF THE DENTAL PULPWhat is pulpitis? Pulpitis or inflammation of dental pulp is the most commonest cause of dental pain.Cau
DISEASES OF THE DENTAL PULP
What is pulpitis?
Causes of Pulp disease
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Pulpitis may arise due to
1. Chemical irritation of the pulp – in pulpal exposures to which irritant medicament is applied.
2. Intact pulp beneath deep or moderate cavity with irritant filling materials. There may be penetration to pulp via dentinal tubules. The pulp may however respond by forming reparation dentine.
3. Severe thermal changes may produce pulpitis which is most common on tooth with large metallic restoration especially with inadequate insulation between the material and pulp.
Heat and more particularlycold, are transmitted to pulp, producing pain and on prolongation actual pulpitis.
Summarily, pulpitis can result from the following:
1. Dental caries
2. Traumatic exposure of the pulp during cavity preparation.
3. Fracture of tooth crown.
4. Thermal injury arising from operative procedures.
5. Chemical irritation due to irritating restorative material.
6. Crack – Tooth syndrome – splitting of a tooth under masticatory process (usually premolar.)
Read: Common Diseases of Child Dental Patient – Dental caries
Traumatic dental injuries and how does it result to pulpitis
Classification of pulpitis
Focal reversible pulpitis ( FRP)
Clinical features of Pulpitis
Treatment of Pulpitis
What are the Symptoms of pulpitis?
- pain on eating or drinking hot or cold food/drinks.
- dull ache at the jaw.
- pain which is spontaneous and throbbing.
- tenderness at the tooth on touching and biting.
- pain which may interrupt sleep.
- pain which may be referred to head, temple or ear.
Prevention of pulpitis
- A sensible diet – limit snacking in between meals, and the consumption of refined carbohydrates eg sweets, cake, ice cream.
- Brushing your teeth with a fluoride tooth paste twice daily
- Flossing at least once a day
- Regular visits to the dentist for check up.